The ideals of the Arts and Crafts movement found fertile ground in Washington and Oregon. The effect was seen in a remarkable variety of public and private architecture and the establishment of Arts and Crafts societies and guilds that trained art workers and hobbyists alike. Many regional architects and designers were inspired by the English. Architect Wade Hampton Pipes, for example, studied at London’s Central School of Arts and Crafts during its golden age as a teaching facility for art workers before opening his Portland, Oregon practice in 1911. He built a reputation on his English Arts and Crafts residences.
It was her work in terracotta that established Mary’s involvement with the Home Arts and Industries Association. In 1884, an undisclosed friend of the artist persuaded Mary to hold clay modelling classes, twice a week, at a ‘boys’ club’ in Whitechapel. The purpose, Mary recalled, was to give the boys, who were ‘chiefly shoeblacks, an interesting hour or two’ and to show them ‘the pleasure of making something in their leisure time’.
The role of women in the Staffordshire pottery industry contrasted greatly with the female artists at Henry Doulton’s art department in London. Doulton was concerned about working conditions in Burslem when he expanded his business there in 1877. As he said, “In Staffordshire, I have seen women and young girls employed in the most coarse […]
In the late 19th century, more than 300 women found gainful employment at Doulton’s Lambeth art pottery in London. However, Henry Doulton believed that the “true sphere of woman is the family and household….” and his artists had to put down their paintbrushes when they married. Only occasionally did women continue to paint pottery for […]
During the Victorian era, the number of genteel young women obliged to seek employment became a pressing social problem. Many were not able to fulfill their natural destiny and marry Mr. Right as there were a million extra women of marriageable age in England. In Victorian times, a woman’s place was in the home as […]
The Arts and Crafts Movement roughly encompasses most of the years of Queen Victoria’s reign until the end of the First World War (1840-1920). This range is important since it includes the strict educational discipline imposed by the National Course of Instruction and the impact of the ideological and physical struggle for Female Emancipation, not […]
Kellie Castle lies beyond the fishing village of Pittenweem in Scotland. Originally built in the twelfth century, it was leased to the prestigious Lorimer family in 1878. The Lorimers have been compared to a Renaissance dynasty; James Lorimer (1818-1890), was an eminent professor of law and his sons were the renowned architect Sir Robert Lorimer […]
Ada Louise Lessore known as ‘Lalla’ to her family and close friends was one of a number of talented female Arts and Crafts designer-makers, including Georgina Gaskin and Edith Dawson, who are remembered primarily as part of a husband-and-wife team. She was however an established artist in her own right with a remarkable pedigree before […]
By Dr. Elizabeth Cumming It was natural for women to play a crucial part in the development of textiles. During the Victorian period sewing and embroidery had been an acceptable homemade art worked quietly in private. The Arts and Crafts period however increased both the potential and public visibility of such crafts. Under the art […]